Timeline of Elizabeth's Life

1821    Born in England and lived in Bristol.   Parents: Samuel and Hannah.  Family life
           is good with large home, servants and home schooling for the girls by tutor.

1831    Samuel’s sugar refinery burns down; decides to moved family to America.

1832    Family moves to America and settles in New York City

1838    Family moves to Cincinnati, Ohio to avoid getting sugar cane harvested by slaves

1838    Samuel dies unexpectedly leaving family broke. Hannah and daughters start a
           school for girls in their home to earn a living.

1843    Elizabeth urged by dying friend to become a doctor, an unheard of concept.

1845    Against all odds, Elizabeth begins her quest to enter a school of medicine to
           become a physician. She is met with callous resistance and verbal abuses.

1847    Thinking it was a joke, the student body at Geneva College agrees to admit
           Elizabeth into the School of Medicine.  Faculty forced to agree.

1847    Elizabeth begins her studies at Geneva College setting a historic precedence.

1848    Practical experiences between terms are gained at the Blockley Almshouse in
           Philadelphia giving Elizabeth a traumatic seven-month experience.

1849    Elizabeth graduates with her degree in medicine, the first woman to do so. History
           is made and a new path for women is created.

1849    Elizabeth sails to Europe to attempt getting post graduate studies after being
           rejected in America. She ends up in Paris at a maturity hospital, La Maternite.

1849    An accident during treatment of an infant causes a serious infection to Elizabeth’s
           eye eventually resulting in the loss of vision in her left eye. She is forced to quit.

1850    With some vision restored, Elizabeth is accepted at Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital
           in London to continue her post-graduate internship.

1851    Elizabeth returns to America where she, again, is denounced by doctors. She
           ignores their threats and begins a Dispensary for the poor in New York City.

1855    With the encouragement and financial help from Quaker friends, Elizabeth begins
           making plans for a full hospital to serve poor women and children.
1856    Feeling the need for companionship, Elizabeth adopts a seven-year-old orphan,
           Katherine “Kitty” Barry.

1857    On May 12 a ceremony is held for the grand opening of The New York Infirmary
           for Indigent Women and Children, a dream of Elizabeth’s come true. The hospital 
           continues to operate to the modern day.

1861    The Civil War brings Elizabeth’s Infirmary into service, as the hospital aids in
           providing field nurses for the Union Army. Her service is recognized by
           President Lincoln.

1866    A college of medicine for women is established by Elizabeth in conjunction with
           the hospital and is chartered by the state of New York

1870    Elizabeth returns to England where she establishes a private practice while
           working with others to open up medical schools to women.

1873    After helping to create a medical school for women in London, Elizabeth agrees
           to accept the position of  Chair of Gynecology at the school.

1873    Forced to place her work on hold because of a Biliary Colic condition, Elizabeth
           travels to Rome as part of the cure.

1876    After returning to work, the Biliary Colic returns and she is forced to take up
           residence in Bordighera, Italy. There she writes a book on sex education for
           children, which is immediately denounced, but eventually published.

1907    Regaining her health she vacations in Kilmun, Scotland where she sustains a
           serious fall down a flight of stairs causing her damage to her brain. She retires
           from all activities.

1910    Elizabeth dies of a stroke at her home in Hastings, Sussex England. She was 89
           years old and is buried at the Saint Munn’s Parish Church in Kilmun.

1949    On the 100th anniversary of her graduation from Geneva College, her alma mater
           (now known as Hobart and William Smith Colleges) names a new student 
           dormitory in her memory.

1958    The College establishes the Elizabeth Blackwell Award for outstanding service to

1994    As an additional tribute to this famous alum, an 800-pound larger-than-life bronze
           sculpture of Elizabeth is dedicated, resting near one of the most-traveled
           walkways on the college’s campus.

1974    The United States Postal Service issues the Elizabeth Blackwell, M.D.
           commemorative postage stamp.

2007    The New York Downtown Hospital and the City of New York recognizes the
           founding of the New York Infirmary by Elizabeth with a special celebration
           of its 150th anniversary. The corner of Gold and Beekman Streets is officially
           declared “Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell Place”